July 14, 2017

During the time period between 2003 and 2012, the number of the supposed crack babies in the United States increased nearly five times. In Kentucky, 15 of every 1000 infants are dependent on opioids. In the name of treatment, the infants are separated from their mothers and transferred to hospitals, usually hours away. Many mothers, poor still struggling with addiction, cannot afford to visit the hospital. Even if they end up making it to the hospital, many of the local charities do not offer housing to the addicts. Thus, mothers end up sleeping in the car or in worse cases, on the street.

However, the fact is that these babies need a mother. It has been found that newborns in withdrawal would slow the infants' recovery when their mothers are present. Infants in withdrawal require less medication and fewer costly days in intensive care with their mothers' presence. Yet, mothers who are still drug addicts have a great chance of losing their custody - which means they are no longer allowe...

July 13, 2017

Saudi Arabia to Offer Physical Education Classes for Girls

Recently, the Saudi education ministry announced that public schools will offer physical education for girls with this coming academic year. This remarkable change is shocking at the same time as Saudi Arabia has been one of the world's most restrictive environments for women. Women in Saudi Arabia are required to cover their hair and bodies in public. This kind of restriction is applied for medical treatments as women cannot make their own decision - they have to get permission from a male guardian. Thus, this announcement has been a shock to the nation and other countries. Women's sports were opposed for various reasons. (1) Getting used to wearing sportswear would make women lose modesty. (2) Sports are against the supposed womanliness. (3) Women who play sports would become muscular and masculine. With these concerns, women's sports will have to be developed carefully, making sure women's femininity. Given that girls' school...

July 11, 2017

During past decade, hydraulic fracturing has cut down natural gas prices, decreasing the number of coal plants in the United States. This resulted in a 14 percent drop of carbon dioxide emissions from 2005 to 2016. However, this very change is now driving nuclear rectors out of business, which will backfire with severe climate change. Given that nuclear power plants are preparing early retirement due to financial reasons, several states are considering to subsidize their existing nuclear reactors. Pennsylvania is among them: Exelon expressed its determination to close its last nuclear reactor in Three Mile Island by 2019 without support from the government. Cheap natural gas is driving Pennsylvania's nine reactors out of business, which is responsible of producing one-third of the state's power. John Raymond Hanger, a former Pennsylvania environmental secretary and an outside adviser to Exelon, emphasized the seriousness of the problem by stating that had Three Mile Island close, Penns...

June 29, 2017

On 28 June 2017, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein expressed concern regarding civilians caught in the Syria's Raqqa governorate. He emphasized that "civilians must not be sacrificed for the sake of rapid military victories." It is important for all forces, both local and international, to be aware of the civilians in the area and work to reduce the casualty effectively. Since June 1, it is estimated that more than 173 civilians have been killed by fighting forces, based on the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) data. Another rising problem is that smugglers and traffickers are taking advantage of these vulnerable refugees as civilian death continues to increase and escape rate is getting steeper. 


Bombs do not pick and choose people. Infants, children, teenagers, adults and elderly - all are affected regardless of their gender, age, ethnicity and religion. It is tragic that these people are killed instantly whether th...

June 28, 2017

The Science and Technology Conference 2017 was held in Vienna on 27 June 2017. This conference focused on strengthening the relationship between the scientific community and authorities for compliance with the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT). Lassina Zerbo, Executive Secretary of the CTBTO emphasized the importance of science in "making progress on other global challenges, such as disaster risk reduction and mitigation, climate change, and sustainable development." Moving forward, Mr. Zerbo encouraged to make the CTBT into law, taking a substantial action. Having been opened for signature and ratifications 21 years ago, the CTBT is currently signed by 183 countries and ratified by 166 countries.

Due to the fact that the CTBT is not yet in force, the treaty is called the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization. Mr. Zerbo expects the scientific community to inspire diplomatic actors to engage and bring the CTBT into force.

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