UN Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs, Liu ZhenMin, stated that advance of science and technology will be a powerful support towards achieving the “2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Liu emphasized that benefits of science and technology can only be fully effective when the agenda is oriented towards pro-poor growth and impartiality.
He supports his opinion by giving possible outcomes of the society supported under strong technology. Firstly, he mentioned that with precise technological measurement of climate change adaptation, global warming, one of the most hazardous environment threatening problem, can be mitigated by going through more green and resilient development than the current carbon-reliant growth. In a similar way, technology enables sustainable fishing, tight over watch of ocean acidification and both cleaning up and prevention of water pollution. He also briefly mentioned that technology and science provide accessible jobs for disadvantaged mino...
The Director-General of the UN World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), Francis Gurry, stated that humanity still has to work towards bringing up full potential in innovation and creativity. Here, Gurry is talking about more active participation of women in such field. According to WIPO, in 1995, the number of women patent application under Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) was less than 20%. Fortunately, the proportion of women’s role in science, technology, business and arts is constantly increasing. Gurry strongly believes that such improve in the society will not only make full use of the benefits that comes out from innovation and creativity but also help humanity regardless of gender; it will lead to actively confronting global challenges such as climate change, clean energy, food security and etc.
The heads of five UN agencies said that addressing the factors on food security and nutrition is to end malnutrition by 2030. There is an increase of 38 million people in hunger from the previous year. Especially, high proportions of food-insecure and malnourished children tend to be in conflict zones. Not only weather phenomenon but also the global slowdown has deteriorated food security and nutrition. Cindy Holleman, mentioned that this is a growing worldwide problem related to health and living and, also obesity is another problem for some other countries.
Mauritius, one of the most economically developed states in Africa has started a environment friendly project by GCF and UNDP. The 8-year project to improve environment of the earth has a goal to increase renewable energy and reduce carbon dioxide release. Even though the contury has developed itself in tourism, transport, and information and communications technology, it has affected by outside energy shock. However, with the project, it is expected that the country to be independent on fossil fuels, which leads constant economic growth and climate.“This is an important step in achieving the goals outlined by the Paris Agreement and supporting low-carbon, climate-resilient development in Mauritius,” said UNDP Officer in Charge, Mrs. Aida Cisse Diagne.
On 5 October 2017, there was a discussion about “Autonomous Weapons Systems: Learning Algorithms and Bias” at the United Nations Headquarters in New York.Kerstin Vignard, Chief of Operations and Deputy to the Director at UNIDIR raised a question about algorithm bias, or subjectiveness of the data. Cathy O’Neil said the defining what is a successful result of an algorithm is the most important. David Danks specified the topic into autonomous weapons systems. As the coding system did not reflect international laws and conventions that are related to war and human rights, it is not clear to define what is success in algorithms. The last pannal, Amandeep Gill, emphasized the importance of understanding the way an autonomous weapon is programmed and why the weapon responds and reacts in a particular way. It is because the user cannot surely expect a moral outcome of the weapon.
Many areas of the world are suffering from natural disasters.The Secretary-General António Guterres said he was “saddened by the loss of life and destruction in the earthquake that struck the provinces of Oaxaca, Chiapas, and Tabasco in Mexico.”. He also said the United Nations stands ready to provide support, should it be requested by the Government of Mexico. Meanwhile, the United Nations agencies are supporting to Hurricane Irma damages in the United State. Hurricane Irma hit the Caribbean region. Hurricane Irma, which has taken the lives of many people, is weakening in Florida, but Florida still suffers from severe damage.
Damage to a building in Oaxaca, Mexico, after the earthquake late Thursday.CreditMario Arturo Martinez/European Pressphoto Agency
Many areas of the world suffer from natural disaster. The most powerful earthquake in Mexico's history occurred. At least 32 peoples died in the southern part of the country. The government said the magnitude of the earthquake was 8.2, and about 50 million people across Mexico felt the earthquake. Also in the state of Chiapas, the toll there had risen to seven, and two children died in the state of Tabasco, one when a wall collapsed, the other after a respirator lost power in a hospital. In Mexico's southern Salina Cruz, tsunamis have been seen about 1 meter high, followed by large and small tsunamis.The tally of damage — and death — probably will be difficult to assess initially, given the remote nature of many areas.
On September 4 2017, the UN had a meeting about DPR Korea. The meeting of the Security Council was the second in less than a week and the tenth time that the most powerful body of the United Nations had met to discuss North Korea this year. Jeffrey Feltman, Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs, in an emergency council meeting, said that “The latest serious developments require a comprehensive response in order to break the cycle of provocations from the DPRK,”. He also emphasized that, “such a response must include wise and bold diplomacy to be effective.”. The Secretary- General António Guterres said “We are alarmed by this dangerous provocation,” and also “We will continue to carefully follow the developments and remain in close coordination with the concerned international organizations, Members of the Council and other governments concerned,”. Meanwhile, The Trump Administration urged other members of the United Nations Security Council to cut off all oil and other fuels t...