September 1, 2017

This article is a summary of Tim Ramadan’s(assumed name) post on The Guardian. He is a journalist and lives in Raqqa, Syria. Since the US-led international coalition and Syrian Democratic Forces launched a military operation until now, more than 1,300 civilians lose one’s life and the city of 70% has destroyed. The electricity and water were cut off and also run out of fuel and necessities in the city.

Residents who were in the city are waiting for ending the civil war in the situations of extreme fear and hunger. Residents share news of air strike and families who have been killed by yelling across to each other. Even walking the streets is difficult because of constant shelling. Half of those besieged in the city stay alive as eating grass and weeds that grow on the side of the road. People make soup out of these weeds and put dried-up bread to eat easier. The soup tastes extremely bitter and children feel nauseated when they taste the first time, but, now they get used to it. One da...

September 1, 2017

Featured Image: Father Hammond at a treatment center in North Korea (Gerard Hammond)

Father Gerald Hammond in an 84 year old Catholic priest who comes from Philadelphia. He first went to North Korea in 1995 and has been helping with humanitarian efforts ever since. However, recent developments, specifically the detention and death of American tourist Otto Warmbier, have resulted in travel restrictions. These restrictions will bar American tourists from entering North Korea. Meanwhile, aid workers and journalists will have to receive a special passport for every trip that they make. This may prove to be troubling for aid workers like Hammond, who works with the Eugene Bell Foundation to treat tuberculosis in North Korea.

Other institutions will also be impacted by these restrictions. The Pyongyang University of Science and Technology (PUST) has several teachers that are United States citizens. These professors are worried that they will not be able to go back to PUST and teach their stude...

August 16, 2017

<Iran: US sanctions designed to derail nuclear deal>

This article is about Iran’s nuclear program. "The main purpose of the United States in implementing the sanctions against Iran is to destroy the JCPOA," deputy foreign minister, Sayed Abbas Araqchi, said. JCPOA is Joint Comprehensive Plan Of Action; it is an agreement designed to solve Iran’s nuclear program.The reason behind Iran's claim for this is due to the concerns of the U.S. that Iran’s satellite space rocket will lead to developing ballistic missile. 
Fortunately, both the U.S. and Iran have successfully solved and moved on from Iran’s nuclear issue. In this situation, the U.S. claim look like Trump’s insistence. Currently, the U.S. has the largest number of nuclear weapons. It is wrong way to thing that U.S. has all the rights to implement nuclear weapons but no other countries. Such behavior as Trump should be criticized. 

이 기사에서는 미국의 이란핵문제에 대한 압박을 말하고 있다. 이란은 핵개발로 인해 많은 국가들로부터 비난과 우려를 받아왔다...

August 16, 2017

Despite decline in attacks on persons with albinism, root causes rife in rural Tanzania, UN expert finds

A United Nations rights expert stated that the group of people with albinism in rural Tanzania live in fear of violence against them. “People with albinism continue to live in a very fragile situation, as the root causes of the attacks against them remain rampant, and the effects of over a decade of violations have taken their toll,” said Ikponwosa Ero, the UN independent expert on the enjoyment of human rights by persons with albinism, at the end of her 11-day visit to Tanzania. 

“I welcome the measures already taken by the Government and civil society, and the decrease in the number of reported attacks,”

Ms.Ero said. Also she said more work was needed to address witchcraft and educate the public.

APPA UN NGO intern
Eastern Mennonite University
Minju Kim

August 16, 2017

<Mennonite Central Committee UN Office - Doug Hostetter>

On August 2, 2017, APPA interns paid a visit to Doug Hostetter, the Director of the Mennonite Central Committee United Nations Office. We had lunch together and were invited to his office at the United Nations Plaza, New York. 

Hostetter worked as a Mennonite Central Committee staff in Tam Ky, Vietnam from 1966 to 1969. During the Vietnam war, he served as a key figure of the Vietnam Peace movement with the Mennonites. After witnessing the harsh brutality and atrocities of war, he made a resolution to work for the people who suffered from the conflicts of warfare. 

Hostetter focuses on the areas of conflict in areas such as North Korea, Israel-Palestine, Iraq, and Syria. The main efforts of the UN MCC office include connecting MCC staff with UN diplomats and ambassadors and promoting campaigns or programs that can contribute to peacebuilding in those countries. He also mentioned that the UN MCC is rooted in the understanding th...

August 15, 2017

<Britain Turns to Chinese Textbooks to Improve Its Math Scores>
By Amy Qin
August 5, 2017

Under a government-backed initiative in Britain, more than half the primary schools in England will adopt a teaching approach to math that is used in top-scoring places like Shanghai and Singapore. 

Starting in upcoming January, British schools will have the option of using "Real Shanghai Mathematics," a series of 36 translated textbooks that are otherwise all but identical to those in public elementary schools around Shanghai.

Experts say England is the first country to implement a bold government-backed plan on such an educational adoption. 

The teaching method, known as the "mastery" approach, is based on the idea that all students can succeed in learning mathematics

when given proper instruction. Rather than describing a concept and assigning problems to solve individually, the mastery method is more interactive, in which students are expected to precisely explain both solutions and underlying prin...

August 14, 2017

5 of the APPA UN interns visited the US Coast Guard on 28 July 2017. They got the chance to meet Dr. John Oliver and take a tour inside of the coast guard.

On July 28, 2017, APPA Interns visited the United States Coast Guard to meet Dr. John Oliver. Dr. John is a senior ocean policy adviser and a lawyer at the US Coast Guard and has a close relationship with APPA through legal service at the Third Street Church on every second week of Saturday. With Dr. John’s kind guide, we were able to tour inside of the Coast Guard. The security check for Coast Guard was strict, but with the help of Dr. John, we were able to see his office, medical center, physical center, old coal plant, as well as office for International affairs department where his son works.

According to Dr. John, the Coast Guard “protects sea from people while it protects people from the sea.” He said that Coast Guard monitors drug smuggling, legal immigrants, piracy, environments and border disputes on the sea. He describe...

August 14, 2017

10 interns of APPA UN went to have a meeting with the World Bank on July 30, 2017. They met with Professor Koo, and had a question and answer period. The following report was written by one of the interns that attended this event, Haeun Kwon. 

세계은행 방문-구본석 선생님

2017년 7월 30일, 구본석 선생님과의 미팅을 위해 세계은행에 방문하였습니다. 삼엄한 검사를 통해 들어간 세계은행은 넓고 깨끗했습니다. 한 세미나실에서 구본석 선생님의 말씀을 들을 수 있었는데, 선생님은 환경 운동 연합이라는 단체를 통해 댐 건설의 반대를 하시면서 환경에 대해 관심을 가지셨다고 합니다. 환경에 관한 일을 하고 싶다고 결심 하신 후 경희 대학교 대학원, 조시 타운 대학원을 거처 현재 세계은행 재생 가능한 에너지 분야에서 일하신다고 합니다. 

구본석 선생님의 말씀에 따르면, 세계은행은 전세계 사람들의 빈곤퇴치를 목적으로 설립되었으며, 이제는 굶어 죽는 것을 방지 하는 데서 끝나는 것이 아니라 세상 사람들이 잘 살 수 있게 경제, 위생 시설, 주거문제 등 다각적인 방면으로 도움을 주기 위해 노력한다고 하셨습니다. 또한, 세계은행은 사람들의 생활수준을 측정하고 그들의 목표가 얼마나 진행되었는가 확인하기 위한 평가 기준을 정하는 데에 중점을 둔다고 하셨습니다. 또한, 세계은행은 기본적으로 지역별로, 또 나라별로, 분야별로 나뉘고 각 나라의 대표들이 의뢰하였을 때 프로젝트 계획에 들어가고 예산 편성이 이루어 진다고 합니다. 

한시간 가량의 대화를 통해 구본석 선생님은 세계은행에는 금융권 혹은 통계 분야의 전문가 들이 많다며 금융권과 통계를 강조 하셨습니다. 특히 금융은 세계은행의 예산을 어느 분야에 우선 순위를 두고 투자하는지, 투자한다면 따르는 위험 정도는 얼마인지 판단하는데 꼭 필요하다고...

August 14, 2017

APPA UN intern YoungOk Kim attended the Intergenerational Dialogues on the SDGs with along with a few other interns. The event took place on August 1, 2017, at the United Nations Headquarters in New York. 

<Intergenerational Dialogues on the SDGs> 

2017년 8월 1일, 다른 APPA 인턴들과 함께 뉴욕의 UN본부에서 열린 ‘지속가능한 개발목표에 관한 세대간 대화 Intergenerational Dialogues on the Sustainable Development Goals’에 참석했다. 

지속가능한 개발목표란 2015년에 UN에서 채택된 것으로, 2030년까지 이행해야 할 17개 목표, 169개 세부목표들을 제시한 의제이다. 빈곤, 기아, 건강, 평등, 기후변화, 경제성장 등 다양한 영역에 걸친 개발을 제시하는데, 이는 이전의 새천년개발목표 MDGs에서 달성하지 못한 목표들을 보완하고, 더 넓은 분야로 확장 시켰다. 지속가능한 개발목표를 달성하기 위해서는 UN뿐만 아니라, 각 회원국 정부, 시민 사회 등 각계각층의 관심과 협력이 필요한데, 특히 전 세계에 있는 다양한 NGO들이 이 목표사업에 큰 기여를 하고 있다. 

이번 대화는 세계 곳곳의 다양한 부분에서 일하는 NGO들이 참석하여 청소년, 청년, 노인, LGBTQ 그룹의 사람들이 목소리를 낼 수 있는 장을 제공했으며, 기아문제, 여성인권, 노동, 환경, 보건 등 주제 별 세미나가 오전, 오후에 걸쳐 각기 다른 룸에서 진행되었다. 여러 분야의 전문가 패널들이 참석하여 NGO들의 지속가능한 개발목표 실천 활동을 장려하고, 참석자들과 질의응답 시간을 가졌다. 

오후 ‘Breaking Intergenerational Cycle of Poverty’ 세션에는 한국의 주 유엔 차석대사, 한충희 대사님도 패널로 참석하셨다. 한충희...

August 14, 2017

The Heritage Foundation hosted a seminar regarding North Korea on 26 July 2017 at the Heritage Foundation in Washington D.C.. An APPA UN intern, Haeun Kwon, attended this seminar, and wrote the following report about her experience.

<Visit to the Heritage Foundation for a seminar on North Korean issues>

August 4, 2017

On July 26, 2017, I visited the Heritage Foundation and attended a seminar called “What a North Korean ballistic missile threat means for the U.S. Missile Defense System.” The seminar started with senator Dan Sullivan’s opening remarks, followed by a discussion between three panelists. 

Senator Dan Sullivan said that North Korea is developing their nuclear missile at an unprecedented pace through continued testing failures. He argued that the United States need to bolster its missile defense system, especially the Space-Based Surveillance and Tracking System (SSTS) in order to protect the U.S. territory and its allies in the case of North Korea’s attack. He supporte...

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